Here you will find more resources to educate yourself on what human trafficking is, what it can look like, and resources for talking with your child or teen to protect them from its effects.
See the warning signs for sexual exploitation, developed by the U.S. Department of Justice and the TRUST foundation.
How to talk to your kids about human trafficking
A detailed report on how to talk to children and teens about human trafficking, provided by the TRUST foundation.
safe internet use
A guide to talking to your kids about online safety, provided by the Federal Trade Commission.
Resources for education and research on sex trafficking
· Amanda Lenhart, Teens and Sexting, PEW INTERNET & AMERICAN LIFE PROJECT (2009).
· Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Initiative, Overview, Bureau of Justice Assistance, US DOJ (accessed July 12, 2013) available at https://www.bja.gov/ProgramDetails.aspx?Program_ID=51
· Caren Kaplan, Children Missing from Care: An Issue Brief, CHILD WELFARE LEAGUE OF AMERICA (2004).
· CHILDREN AT RISK, Map of Sexually Oriented Businesses in Houston available at http://childrenatrisk.org/research/child-trafficking/houstonsobs/
· Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: A Fact Sheet, NCMEC FACT SHEET (CSEC Fact Sheet). Comparison Chart of Primary Sex Trafficking Networks in the U.S., Sex Trafficking Networks, POLARIS PROJECT (column on Domestic Networks) (downloaded 2012).
· D. Hughes, The Demand for Victims of Sex Trafficking, 20, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE (2005).
Domestic Sex Trafficking: The Criminal Operations of the American Pimp, POLARIS PROJECT, 3, available at http://www.polarisproject.org/resources/resources-by-topic/sex-trafficking
· FBI FY 2011 Budget Request at a Glance, 3, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (2011) available at http://www.justice.gov/jmd/2011summary/pdf/fy11-fbi-bud-summary.pdf
· Duren Banks & Tracey Kyckelhann, Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents: 2008-2010, US DOJ BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS, 6, Table 6 (April 2011).
· Finkelhor D., et. al, Online “Predators” and Their Victims: Myths, Realities, and Implications for Prevention and Treatment, 63 AMER. PSYCHOLOGIST 111-128 (2008).
· Finkelhor D., et. al, National Estimates of Missing Children: An Overview, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (2002).
· Hammer, Finkelhor & Sedlack, National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children, U.S. OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION (Oct. 2002) available at https://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/nismart/04/
· Harvey Rice, Four charged in forcing girls into prostitution, HOUSTON CHRONICLE (Sept. 17, 2005) available at http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/Four-charged-in-forcing-girls-into-prostitution-1938617.php
· Health, United States, 76, Table 18, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (2011) available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus12.pdf#018
· HHS Fights to Stem Human Trafficking, Fact Sheet, US DHHS (Aug. 15, 2006) available at http://www.hhs.gov/news/factsheet/humantrafficking.html; Homeless and runaway youth, NATIONAL
· Human Trafficking Statistics, POLARIS PROJECT available at http://www.cicatelli.org/titlex/downloadable/Human%20Trafficking%20Statistics.pdf
· J. Greene, S. Ennett, & C. Ringwalt, Prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youth, 89 AMER. J. PUBLIC HEALTH 1406 (1999).
· Jennie Noll, et. al, Association of Maltreatment with High-Risk Internet Behaviors and Offline Encounters, PEDIATRICS (online publication Jan. 14, 2013).
· Johnson v. State, 2011 TEX. APP. LEXIS 954 (Tex. App. Houston—1st Dist. Feb. 10, 2011) (appeal denied).
· Jones, et. al, Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings From Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000–2010,
J. ADOLESCENT HEALTH (Sept. 2011).
· Kathleen Miles, LA Teen Prostitutes Come From Foster homes A Majority of The Time, County Says, HUFFINGTON POST (Nov. 28, 2012).
· Kenneth v. Lanning, Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis For Professionals Investigating the Sexual Exploitation of Children, 5th ed., NCMEC and OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION (2010).
· Kids at Greatest Risk of Abduction when Going to and from School & School-Related Activities, NCMEC (Aug. 30, 2012).
· Marisa Kashino, “You’re Pretty. You Could Make Some Money,” WASHINGTONIAN (June 10, 2013). “Misperceptions Lead to Missed Opportunities to Identify Victims,” Fact Sheet, US DEPARTMENT OF STATE (June 1, 2013) available at http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2013/index.htm
Melissa Wells & Kimberley Mitchell, Youth Sexual Exploitation on the Internet: DSM-IV Diagnoses and Gender Differences in Co-occurring Mental Health Issues, 24 CHILD & ADOLESCENT SOC. WORK J. 235, 236 (June 2007).
· Missing Girl, 14, Found in Florida with Man Accused of Sexual Assault, NEWS 92 HOUSTON (Jan. 28, 2013).
· Molnar, et. al, Suicidal behavior and sexual/physical abuse among street youth, 22 CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT 213
· National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: America’s Prostituted Children, SHARED HOPE INTERNATIONAL, 30 (2009).
· News Release: DPS Program Saving Lives, Protecting Children, TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY (December 6, 2012) available at http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/director_staff/media_and_communications/pr120612.htm
· Nancy McBride, Child Safety is More Than a Slogan: “Stranger-Danger” Warnings Not Effective at Keeping Kids
· Nicholas Kristof, Where Pimps Peddle Their Goods, N.Y. TIMES (March 17, 2012) available at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/18/opinion/sunday/kristof-where-pimps-peddle-their- goods.html?ref=nicholasdkristof&_r=0
· OJJDP, Thomas B. Smith, Kenneth Buniak, Lee Condon, and Lee Reed, Children Missing From Care: The Law- Enforcement Response, 5, NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING & EXPLOITED CHILDREN (2005).
· OJP Fact Sheet: Human Trafficking, OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS, US DOJ (Dec. 2011) available at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/newsroom/factsheets/ojpfs_humantrafficking.html
· Pamela Brown, Gang sex trafficking, a growing trend in Northern Virginia, ABC NEWS (Nov. 16, 2012) available at http://www.wjla.com/articles/2012/11/gang-sex-trafficking-a-growing-trend-in-northern-virginia-82169.html
· Press Release: Human Trafficking Investigation Leads to Indictment and Arrest of 10 Individuals, U.S. ATTORNEY’S OFFICE, SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS (Feb. 17, 2011) available at http://www.fbi.gov/houston/press- releases/2011/ho021711.htm
· R. Estes and N. Weiner. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, page 131 (2001).
Rachel Lloyd, Girls Like Us: Fighting for a World Where Girls Are Not for Sale, an Activist Finds Her Calling and Heals Herself (New York: 2011).
· Report to the Texas Legislature, Sexually Oriented Businesses and Human Trafficking: Associations, Challenges, and Approaches, 5, TEXAS OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL (March 2013).
Ryan Grenoble, Amanda Todd: Bullied Canadian Teen Commits Suicide After Prolonged Battle Online and In School, HUFFINGTON POST (Oct. 11, 2012).
· Tips to Help Keep Children Safer While in Care, NCMEC (2008).
· Roberta Hibbard & Larry Desch, Maltreatment of Children with Disabilities, 119 PEDIATRICS 1018, (May 2007).
· Shelley Childers, “Man arrested for Child Trafficking/Prostitution in Odessa 4/12/12,” CBS 7 NEWS (April 12, 2012) available at http://www.cbs7kosa.com/news/details.asp?ID=33997
· Sexual Abuse among Homeless Adolescents: Prevalence, Correlates, and Sequelae, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES, p. 5-16 (Nov. 2002).
7Se/x1T8r/a2ff0ic1ki3ng in the U.S.: Internet Based, POLARIS PROJECT (accessed July 12, 2013) available at 87 http://www.polarisproject.org/human-trafficking/sex-trafficking-in-the-us/
· SUSAN DOUGHERTY, CWLA BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR CHILDREN MISSING FROM CARE, CHILD WELFARE LEAGUE OF AMERICA, 4 (2005).
· THE TEXAS RESPONSE TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING, 10, OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF TEXAS (2008). Trafficking Case Study Speech, US ATTORNEY’S OFFICE, Human Trafficking Conference, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS (Oct. 2012).
· “WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING?” OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES (AUG. 16, 2012) AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.ACF.HHS.GOV/PROGRAMS/ORR/RESOURCE/ABOUT- HUMAN-TRAFFICKING
· “What to Look For” and “Living By His Rules,” TRAFFICK911, Webinar Presentation (Dec. 2012).